Here’s What We Know About The Cannabis Genome

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Given the huge economic potential of the legal cannabis market, it’s unsurprising that researchers are now racing to map the cannabis genome. By identifying the genes responsible for cannabinoid synthesis, pathogen resistance and plant morphology, commercial breeders will be much better equipped to create new cultivars with specific genetic traits. However, unlike many other plant species, cannabis has yet to give up the secrets hidden within its genome, and scientists are still striving to create a comprehensive map of the plant’s DNA. Related Post Tracing The Genetic Heritage Of Your Cannabis How The Cannabis Genome Affects Cannabinoids Dr Gary Yates, Plant Science Research Associate at PharmaSeeds, told Seedsman that “one of the reasons why the cannabis genome project is lagging behind compared to a lot of other crops is that a lot of companies are keeping their info in-house, and the publicly available information is not exactly clear.” As a consequence, “there’s a bit of a conundrum in understanding what genetic factors influence the enzymes that make certain desirable products, such as THC and CBD.” Fortunately, though, the answers are beginning reveal themselves, like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle slowly falling into place. Back in the early 2000s, however, scientists were still essentially staring at a pile of unsorted jigsaw pieces, and were scrambling around to find corners and edges in order begin putting the puzzle together. Their first challenge was to try and locate the genetic mechanisms behind the creation of cannabinoids. Even at that time, it was already known that tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid – the forerunners to THC and CBD – were both produced from their common precursor, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). What wasn’t known, however, was whether the enzymes that allow for the creation of THCA and CBDA were coded for by one gene with…

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